Platinum Jubilee: 70 facts about the Queen to mark 70 years on throne


70 facts about the Queen to mark her 70 years on the throne

The Queen has visited more than 100 countries and sat for more than 200 official portraits (Picture: Getty)

The Queen’s Platinum Jubilee celebrations are underway, with street parties up and down the country set to bring millions of people together to mark the historic occasion.

Her Majesty thanked the nation on the eve of the festivities, saying in a special message that she hoped ‘many happy memories’ will be formed over the long bank holiday weekend.

The nation’s longest reigning monarch, 96, also said it would provide an opportunity to reflect on the achievements of the last 70 years.

During that time, she has visited more than 100 countries and sat for more than 200 official portraits.

The Queen has also been served by 14 Prime Ministers and met 13 of the 14 US Presidents who have held office over the course of her reign.

She has sent 300,000 cards to people celebrating their 100th birthday and more than 900,000 messages to couple’s toasting their Diamond (60th) Wedding Anniversaries.

Here, Metro.co.uk explores 70 facts about the Queen to mark her 70 years on the throne:

 – 1. On September 9, 2015, the Queen became the longest reigning monarch in British history, surpassing the reign of her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria.

In a speech given on the historic day during an engagement in the Scottish Borders, the Queen said: ‘Inevitably a long life can pass by many milestones, my own is no exception, but I thank you all and the many others at home and overseas for your touching messages of great kindness.’

– 2. Within the Commonwealth alone, the Queen has made more than 150 visits during her reign.

– 3. The Queen has visited more than 100 countries as monarch, including Canada 22 times, more than any other country in the world, and France 13 times, more than any other country in Europe.


The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh leave Buckingham Palace on their way to the Houses of Parliament for the Queen to perform the first State Opening Ceremony of her reign. (Photo by ?? Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)

The Queen on her way to the Houses of Parliament to perform the first State Opening Ceremony of her reign (Picture: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis via Getty Images)


(Original Caption) Preparing for their state visit to India, Pakistan, Nepal and Iran, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip, are shown in this photo, taken at Buckingham Palace. The Queen is wearing a pale pink and white embroidered evening gown, the Russian Fringe tiara, and the Sash and Star of the Order of the Garter. On her left shoulder are the Family Orders. Prince Philip is wearing the full dress uniform of an Admiral of the fleet. His decorations include the Sash and Star of the Order of the Garter and the Star of Grand Master of the Order of the British Empire. The Queen and Prince Philip were slated to arrive in New Delhi, January 21st, on the first stop of the Royal tour.

The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh preparing for their state visit to India, Pakistan, Nepal and Iran, (Picture: Bettmann Archive)

– 4. The Queen’s first solo public engagement (as Princess Elizabeth) was on April 21, 1942, her 16th birthday, when she inspected the Grenadier Guards at Windsor Castle.

– 5. The Queen has carried out more than 21,000 engagements over the course of her reign.

– 6. The Queen has given Royal Assent to approximately 4,000 Acts of Parliament.

– 7. The Queen has hosted 112 incoming state visits to the United Kingdom, including Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia (1954), Emperor Hirohito of Japan (1971), President Lech Walesa of Poland (1991) and President Barack Obama of the US (2011).

– 8. The Queen is currently patron of more than 500 organisations, including: more than 70 education and training organisations; over 60 sports and recreational organisation; more than 30 faith organisations; and over 40 arts and cultural organisations.

– 9. The Queen has sent over 300,000 congratulatory cards to people celebrating their 100th birthdays, and over 900,000 messages to couples marking their Diamond (60th) Wedding Anniversaries.


QUEEN ATTENDS CORONATION REHEARSAL IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY - The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh attended the rehearsal of the Coronation ceremony at Westminster Abbey this morning. Photo shows The Duke of Edinburgh stands to attention as the Earl Marshal, the Duke of Norfolk, greets the Queen on her arrival at the Abbey this morning . - 26 May 1953LONDON, UK: AS HER Platinum Jubilee nears, these rarely seen newly colourised photos of the Queen when she was younger are showing Elizabeth Windsor as a candid young woman. One photo shows Her Royal Highness celebrating her 21st birthday in April 1947 with Princess Margaret and crew of the HMS Vanguard during a voyage to South Africa by playing a deck game, being chased by an officer. Another photo, which has been recently colourised, shows Princess Elizabeth recording her first radio broadcast from Windsor in 1940, aired during Children's Hour for BBC radio. The photos have been discovered in the TopFoto archives, documenting moments throughout the Queen?s life from her birth in 1926 to 1952, just before she ascended the throne. mediadrumimages/TopFoto

The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh attended the rehearsal of the Coronation ceremony at Westminster Abbey (Picture: mediadrumimages/TopFoto)


Mandatory Credit: Photo by Maureen McLean/REX/Shutterstock (12908496d) Markers have been put up in the village of Eton Wick this afternoon ahead of The Queen's Platinum Jubilee celebrations at the beginning of June. A number of special events are being held in Windsor to mark the very special occasion Platinum Jubilee markers, Eton Wick, Windsor, Berkshire, UK - 23 Apr 2022

A number of special events are being held in Windsor to mark the very special occasion (Picture: Maureen McLean/Rex/Shutterstock)


(Original Caption) Sandringham, Norfolk, England, UK: Britain's Queen Elizabeth II smiles radiantly during a picture-taking session in the salon at Sandringham House. Her pet dog looks up at her. These photos were taken in connection with the royal Family's planned tour of Australia and New Zealand.

The Queen beams during a picture-taking session in the salon at Sandringham House (Picture: Bettmann Archive)


dukeandduchessofcambridge Verified In this very special #PlatinumJubilee year, we celebrate Her Majesty The Queen and her historic 70 years of service on #IWD2022. Mother, grandmother, great-grandmother and Head of State, The Queen?s extraordinary reign has been longer than any other monarch in British history - inspiring a nation and dedicating her life to the service of the Commonwealth and its people.

This photo was included in the royal tribute. It shows the Queen marking the start of her Platinum Jubilee Year at Sandringham House (Picture: Chris Jackson/Getty)

– 10. At least 35 countries have issued coinage with the image of the Queen.

– 11. The Queen has held over 50 ranks and appointments in the British and Commonwealth Armed Services during her lifetime.

– 12. The Queen holds the title ‘Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church of England’.

These titles date back to the reign of King Henry VIII, who was initially granted the title Defender of the Faith in 1521, by Pope Leo X.

– 13. The Queen is a committed Christian and churchgoer and has often spoken of her faith in her speeches and broadcasts.

‘For me, the life of Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace, whose birth we celebrate today, is an inspiration and an anchor in my life,’ she said in her 2014 Christmas Broadcast.

‘A role model of reconciliation and forgiveness, he stretched out his hands in love, acceptance and healing.

‘Christ’s example has taught me to seek to respect and value all people of whatever faith or none.’

– 14. The Queen has sat for over 200 official portraits during her reign, the first was in 1933 when she was seven-years old and was a portrait painted by Anglo-Hungarian artist Philip Alexius de Laszlo.


Chris Levine’s portrait of Queen Elizabeth II titled ‘Lightness of Being’ (Picture: Ray Tang/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

– 15. The Royal Collection, held in trust by the Queen for her successors and the nation, is estimated to have over a million individual pieces, including over 8,000 paintings, 160,000 watercolours, prints and drawings, 200,000 photographs, 300,000 items of decorative art and 200,000 books and manuscripts.

– 16. More than 180 garden parties have been held at Buckingham Palace since 1952 and over 1.5 million people have attended a Garden Party during the Queen’s reign.

– 17. There have been 14 presidents of the United States during the Queen’s reign, and, with the exception of President Lyndon B Johnson (1963-9), she has met each one.

– 18. The Queen has been served by 14 Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom during her reign – her first PM was Winston Churchill.


At Buckingham Palace during a banquest held in his honor, American President John F. Kennedy (1917 - 1963) (right) and his wife, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy (1929 - 1994) (second left), pose with Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain (second right) and her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, London, United Kingdom, June 15, 1961. Mrs. Kennedy's dress was designed by Chez Ninon while the Queen wore a Hartnell gown. (Photo by Photoquest/Getty Images)

The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh with American President John F Kennedy and his wife, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy (Picture: Photoquest/Getty Images)


President Reagan laughs following a joke by Queen Elizabeth II, who commented on the lousy California weather she has experienced since her arrival to the States. The British Queen is delivering a brief address during a state dinner held at the De Young Museum in San Francisco. (Photo by Bettmann/Getty Images)

President Ronald Reagan laughs following a joke by Queen Elizabeth II (Picture: Bettmann/Getty Images)


Anwar Hussein Collection

The Queen and US President Barack Obama (Picture: Rota/Anwar Hussein/Getty Images)


Wearing his sash as Knight of the Garter, Sir WInston Churchill opens the door of Queen Elizabeth's car, as she leaves after dining with him and the Duke of Edinburgh and other distinguished guests. Watching the doorway is her hostess Lady Churchill.

Sir WInston Churchill opens the door of Queen Elizabeth’s car, as she leaves after dining with him and the Duke of Edinburgh (Picture: PA)

– 19. The Queen has owned more than 30 Corgis and Dorgis during her reign, most of which have been descended from her first Corgi, Susan, who was gifted to her on her 18th birthday in 1944.

– 20. The Queen travelled on the London Underground for the first time in May 1939 with her governess Marion Crawford and her sister Princess Margaret.

Since then, she has opened the new section of the Victoria Line (1969); opened the Piccadilly Line extension to Heathrow Airport (1977); visited Baker Street Station to mark the 150th anniversary of the London Underground (2013); and made a surprise visit to Paddington earlier this month to open the new Elizabeth Line.

– 21. The Queen made her first radio broadcast in 1940 when, aged 14, she recorded a message of support for young people affected by the war in Europe, particularly those being evacuated from their homes, on the BBC’s Children’s Hour.

‘I can truthfully say to you all that we children at home are full of cheerfulness and courage,’ she said.

‘We are trying to do all we can to help our gallant sailors, soldiers and airmen, and we are trying, too, to bear our own share of the danger and sadness of war.’

– 22. The Queen joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service (the women’s branch of the British Army during the Second World War) in 1945, becoming the first female member of the Royal Family to join the armed services as a full-time, active member.

As a Subaltern, she learned to drive and maintain vehicles.

– 23. The Queen’s official overseas visit was in 1947 as Princess Elizabeth, when she toured South Africa, Southern Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe) and the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland (Botswana) with King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

The Queen celebrated her 21st birthday in South Africa, which was marked by a speech broadcast across the Commonwealth.

In the speech the Princess pledged nothing less than her life’s work to her subjects, saying: ‘I declare before you all that my whole life whether it be long or short shall be devoted to your service.’

– 24. The Queen’s first military appointment was as Colonel of the Grenadier Guards.

The appointment was made in February 1942 following the death of her great uncle and Godfather, The Duke of Connaught.

– 25. In 1953 she made the first Christmas broadcast from overseas, broadcasting live from New Zealand.

In the broadcast, the Queen spoke of how welcomed she felt: ‘I have travelled some thousands of miles through many changing scenes and climates on my voyage here.

‘Despite all that, however, I find myself today completely and most happily at home.’

– 26. The Royal Yacht Britannia was first used by the Queen when she embarked with the Duke of Edinburgh on May 1, 1954, at Tobruk, Libya, for the final stage of their Commonwealth Tour, returning to the Pool of London.

The last time the Queen was on board Britannia for an official visit was on August 9, 1997, for a visit to the Isle of Arran.

– 27. On March 26, 1976, the Queen sent her first email during a visit to the Royal Radar Establishment, Malvern, now known as the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment.

The email was sent to the US Secretary of Defence to formally open the UK/US collaboration on a military programming language.


Princess Elizabeth square dancing at Ottawa Government House reception. 12th October 1951LONDON, UK: AS HER Platinum Jubilee nears, these rarely seen newly colourised photos of the Queen when she was younger are showing Elizabeth Windsor as a candid young woman. One photo shows Her Royal Highness celebrating her 21st birthday in April 1947 with Princess Margaret and crew of the HMS Vanguard during a voyage to South Africa by playing a deck game, being chased by an officer. Another photo, which has been recently colourised, shows Princess Elizabeth recording her first radio broadcast from Windsor in 1940, aired during Children's Hour for BBC radio. The photos have been discovered in the TopFoto archives, documenting moments throughout the Queen?s life from her birth in 1926 to 1952, just before she ascended the throne. mediadrumimages/TopFoto

Princess Elizabeth square dancing at Ottawa Government House reception (Picture: mediadrumimages/TopFoto)


TOPSHOT - Britain's Queen Elizabeth II opens the newly re-furbished Somerset House East Wing, King's College, London on February 29, 2012. Queen Elizabeth II will start next week her diamond jubilee tour of Britain which will criss-cross the kingdom over five months. - The tour, to mark the 60th anniversary of her accession to the throne, will start with a visit to the central English city of Leicester on March 8 and end in Hampshire, southeast England, on July 25. (Photo by Eddie MULHOLLAND / POOL / AFP) (Photo by EDDIE MULHOLLAND/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)

The Queen opening the newly re-furbished Somerset House East Wing, King’s College, London (Picture: Eddie Mulholland/Pool/AFP via Getty Images)

– 28. In 1986 the Queen became the first British Monarch to visit China.

– 29. The Queen was the first British Monarch to address the United States House of Congress, on May 16, 1991.

– 30. In 1997 the Queen launched Buckingham Palace’s first official website, in 2014 she sent her first tweet and in 2019 published her first Instagram post.

– 31. In 2009, the Queen witnessed Swan Upping for the first time.

This annual event on the River Thames includes the weighing and measuring of the swans and checks are made on their health and well-being.

Since the 12th Century, the Monarch has retained the right to claim ownership of all unmarked mute swans found in a particular section of the River Thames.

– 32. The Queen introduced the Elizabeth Cross in 2009.

It was the first medal to which she had put her name.

The award was instituted to give special recognition to the families of those who have died on military operations or as a result of terrorism since 1948.

On announcing the Cross, she said: ‘This seems to me a right and proper way of showing our enduring debt to those who are killed while actively protecting what is most dear to us all.’

– 33. The Queen made a State Visit to Ireland in 2011, the first time a reigning British Monarch has visited the country since its separation from the United Kingdom.

She began the speech that she gave at the State Banquet in Irish, saying: ‘A Uachtarain agus a chairde’ (President and friends).

– 34. In 2013, the Queen became the first Monarch to be presented with an Honorary Bafta award in recognition of a lifetime’s support of British film and television.

– 35. The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh celebrated their Platinum Wedding Anniversary in 2017, the first time a reigning monarch had done so.

– 36. To mark the Diamond Jubilee in 2012, the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant was held on June 3, 2012.

670 boats took part in the parade on the Tideway of the River Thames, making it the largest ever parade of boats, surpassing the previous world record of 327 vessels set in Bremerhaven, Germany, in 2011.

– 37. The longest overseas tour that the Queen has undertaken began in Bermuda in November 1953 and ended in Gibraltar in May 1954.

She was away for 168 days and visited 13 different countries.

– 38. The greatest number of countries that the Queen has visited in one trip is 14.

This was during her 1966 trip to the Caribbean.


File photo dated 30/07/1966 of England captain Bobby Moore holds the Jules Rimet Trophy, collected from the Queen Elizabeth II, after leading his team to a 4-2 victory over West Germany, in an exciting World Cup Final that went to extra time at Wembley, London. Issue date: Sunday January 30, 2022. PA Photo. This is one of seventy photos marking the Queen's 70 years on the throne that have been compiled by the PA news agency to celebrate the monarch's Platinum Jubilee. See PA story ROYAL Jubilee Photos. Photo credit should read: PA/PA Wire / jjbb edit

Presenting the Jules Rimet Trophy to England captain Bobby Moore (Picture: PA)

– 39. In 1966 the Queen presented England football captain Bobby Moore with the World Cup Trophy.

The World Cup Final attracted the largest ever British television audience with 32.3 million viewers.

– 40. In September 1966 the Queen visited the British Aircraft Corporation’s facilities in Filton, Bristol, and inspected the progress of the Concorde project.

She first flew in Concorde in 1977 and went on to use it for several overseas tours before it was retired in 2003.

– 41. In 1973 the Queen opened Sydney Opera House.

– 42. Following her 90th birthday celebrations in 2016, it was agreed that an award would be created in her name to recognise emerging British fashion talent.

The inaugural Queen Elizabeth II Award for Design was presented to Richard Quinn during London Fashion Week 2018.

The Queen sat in the front row of Quinn’s show next to Dame Anna Wintour before presenting the award.

– 43. The Queen has met four Popes on official visits during her reign: Pope John XXIII (1961), Pope John Paul II (1980, 1982 and 2000), Pope Benedict XVI (2010) and Pope Francis (2014).


LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MAY 28: Historic Meeting Pope John Paul II, Head Of The Catholic Church, Visiting The Queen, Head Of The Church Of England, At Buckingham Palace (exact Day Date Not Certain) (Photo by Tim Graham Photo Library via Getty Images)

Meeting Pope John Paul II (Picture: Tim Graham Photo Library via Getty Images)


File photo dated 03/04/14 of the Duke of Edinburgh as he shakes hands with Pope Francis while Queen Elizabeth II arrives for a meeting at the Vatican. The Duke of Edinburgh has died, Buckingham Palace has announced. Issue date: Friday April 9, 2020.. See PA story DEATH Philip. Photo credit should read: Arthur Edwards/The Sun/PA Wire

The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh meeting the current pontiff, Pope Francis (Picture: PA)

– 44. The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh were married on November 20, 1947, in Westminster Abbey.

The then Princess Elizabeth, carried a bouquet of flowers which included a sprig of myrtle taken from a bush grown from the original myrtle in Queen Victoria’s wedding bouquet.

Her wedding ring was made from a nugget of Welsh gold, which came from the Clogau St David’s mine near Dolgellau and the official wedding cake was made by McVitie and Price Ltd, using ingredients given as a wedding gift by Australian Girl Guides.

– 45. The Queen wore two crowns on her Coronation Day: St Edward’s Crown (which was used for the crowning ceremony) and the Imperial State Crown, which was worn for the return procession and subsequent balcony appearances at Buckingham Palace.

On the journey to Westminster Abbey, The Queen wore the State Diadem: a circlet of diamonds, which she has gone on to wear for the journey to and from the State Opening of Parliament.


Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh on the day of their coronation, Buckingham Palace, 1953. (Colorised black and white print). Artist Unknown. (Photo by The Print Collector/Getty Images)

Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh on the day of their coronation (Picture: The Print Collector/Getty Images)

– 46. There were more than 2,000 journalists and 500 photographers from 92 nations on the Coronation route in 1953.

The Coronation Service was broadcast live on the BBC, enabling millions of people to see their Monarch crowned for the first time.

– 47. Prior to its de-commissioning in 1997, many of the Queen’s official tours were undertaken on the Royal Yacht Britannia.

She was launched on April 16, 1953 and was commissioned for service in January 1954. During her time in service, Britannia travelled more than a million miles on Royal and official duties, transporting the Queen to over 700 Royal visits.

– 48. The Queen has made a Christmas Broadcast to the Commonwealth every year of her reign except 1969, when a repeat of the film Royal Family was shown and a written message from the Queen issued.

– 49. The Queen sent a message of congratulations to Apollo 11 astronauts for the first moon landing on July 21 1969. The message was micro-filmed and deposited on the moon in a metal container: ‘You are here.’

– 50. In 2016 the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh sent a message to British astronaut Tim Peake as he joined the International Space Station.

He responded with a video message from space saying: ‘Thank you again for your well wishes, ma’am. I hope I can bring the country together to celebrate Britain in space and our great tradition of scientific exploration. And before I sign off, I’m not sure that this has ever been said in space before, so I’ll be the first: God save The Queen.’

– 51. On the evening of the Coronation, the Queen made a radio broadcast in which she stated: ‘Throughout all my life and with all my heart I shall strive to be worthy of your trust.’

– 52. During her reign, the Queen has received many gifts including a variety of live animals.

The more unusual animals were placed in the care of zoos, among them jaguars and sloths from Brazil, an elephant from Cameroon and two black beavers from Canada.

– 53. There has been a Trooping the Colour Parade every year of the Queen’s reign, apart from 1955, which was cancelled due to a railway strike.

In 2020 and 2021 a smaller ceremony took place at Windsor Castle due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

– 54. Windsor Castle, currently the Queen’s main residence, is the oldest and largest occupied palace in the world.

– 55. The Queen was born at 2.40am on April 21, 1926, at 17 Bruton Street in Mayfair, London, and was the first child of The Duke and Duchess of York, who later became King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

– 56. The Queen’s first pony was given to her by her grandfather, King George V.

The Shetland pony was called Peggy.

– 57. As British passports and driving licences are issued in the Queen’s name, she is not required to have either, a privilege held by her alone.

– 58. The Queen speaks fluent French and has often used the language during audiences and State Visits.


Royal fans line the Mall as they wait for the trooping of the colour (Picture: AFP via Getty Images)


Huge crowds converged on central London in bright sunshine on Thursday for the start of four days of public events (Picture: Ben Stansall / AFP)


A person wearing a mask of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth attends the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee celebrations at The Mall in London (Picture: Reuters)

– 59. Almost 70 forest conservation projects across the Commonwealth have joined the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy initiative since its launch in 2015, representing more than 100 million trees preserved for future generations as part of the fight against deforestation.

– 60. Sir Winston Churchill, her first prime minister, became a Member of Parliament during the reign of the Queen’s great-great grandmother, Queen Victoria.

– 61. The Queen (then Princess Elizabeth) became a Girl Guide In 1937 aged 11, learning how to pitch tents, cook on campfires and administer first aid.

At 16, she joined the Sea Rangers: a separate unit of the Girl Guides created for those with a strong naval interest. She was made a was made a Sea Ranger Commodore in 1945.

– 62. In 1969 the Queen was given a black mare, named Burmese, by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

The former Service horse was ridden by the Queen for Trooping the Colour for 18 consecutive years from 1969 to 1986.


KING'S LYNN, ENGLAND - FEBRUARY 05: Queen Elizabeth celebrates the start of the Platinum Jubilee during a reception in the Ballroom of Sandringham House on February 5, 2022 in King's Lynn, England. The Queen came to the throne 70 years ago this Sunday when, on February 6 1952, the ailing King George VI , who had lung cancer, died at Sandringham in the early hours. (Photo Joe Giddens - by WPA Pool/Getty Images)

Queen Elizabeth celebrates the start of the Platinum Jubilee during a reception in the Ballroom of Sandringham House on February 5, 2022 (Picture: PA)

– 63. The then 11-year-old Princess Elizabeth attended her parents’ Coronation at Westminster Abbey in 1937 and wrote about it for the King and Queen in an essay entitled, To Mummy And Papa, In Memory Of Their Coronation. From Lilibet, By Herself.

‘I thought it all very, very wonderful and I expect the Abbey did, too,’ she wrote.

‘The arches and beams at the top were covered with a sort of haze of wonder as Papa was crowned, at least I thought so.’

– 64. The Queen’s Coronation dress was designed by British couturier Sir Norman Hartnell.

He submitted nine different designs and the Queen accepted the eighth.

– 65. The Queen’s Coronation ceremony was the first to be broadcast on television, as a result of which people purchased television sets in their millions.

27 million people watched in the UK alone, and television was ushered in as a mainstream medium.

– 66. On May 8, 1945, Victory in Europe Day, the Queen (then Princess Elizabeth) and her sister Princess Margaret, aged 19 and 14 respectively, joined the crowds in London incognito, Princess Elizabeth with her ATS uniform cap pulled down over her face.

She later said of the day: ‘I remember lines of unknown people linking arms and walking down Whitehall, all of us just swept along on a tide of happiness and relief.’

– 67. – The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust has enabled over 100,000 people to have sight-saving surgery; treated more than 22 million people with antibiotics to reduce the spread of trachoma; built or upgraded over 81,000 latrines and washing facilities to prevent the spread of infection; screened over 13,000 babies for retinopathy of prematurity; and screened more than 200,000 people for diabetic retinopathy.

– 68. – The Queen has conducted over 650 investitures throughout her reign.

– 69. – The Queen has awarded the George Cross – given for ‘acts of the greatest heroism or of the most courage in circumstances of extreme danger’ – collectively to just two groups over the course of her reign: officers and families of the Royal Ulster Constabulary for their bravery during the Troubles in Northern Ireland and, most recently, to NHS staff for their work during the coronavirus pandemic.

– 70. – As part of the London 2012 Olympics opening ceremony, secret agent James Bond escorted the Queen from Buckingham Palace to the Olympic Stadium by helicopter before they both appeared to parachute into the event.

Get in touch with our news team by emailing us at [email protected].

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